A text from Shakespeare’s time uses complete sentences to describe moves, for example, Then the black king for his second draught brings forth his queene, and placest her in the third house, in front of his bishop’s pawne, which we would now write as 2… Qf6. The great 18th-century player Philidor used an almost equally verbose approach in his influential book Analyse du jeu des Échecs, for example, The king’s bishop, at his queen bishop’s fourth square.